JOINT MASTER IN BORDER MANAGEMENT IN THE EUROPEAN UNION (EJMBSM)
The Joint Master's Degree in Border Management in the European Union represents a new specialization for the training of police officers and other law enforcement and border enforcement officers, which is supported by the European Agency FRONTEX during development of the project as well as during the course in its iteration. The aim is to provide police and other agents responsible for ensuring the security and order at the borders of the European Union of scientific tools, based on the skills and competences they need to develop their work in a globalized world and in a changing field as Europe is now. FRONTEX promotes, coordinates and elaborates the management of European borders in accordance with the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights in its application of the concept of integrated border management. FRONTEX supports Member States in their objective of achieving a high and uniform level of efficiency in border control, and also promotes capacity building as a combined instrument to address the problems posed by the flow of immigration and organized crime in the external borders at European level and the Member States. An important role of FRONTEX is to support the training and education of national border guards by defining common training standards ('common training trunk') and by developing mobility / exchange programs for Border guards at all levels. The activities carried out by FRONTEX in the field of education and training of border guards are aimed at promoting a common culture for border guards, with high standards in fundamental rights, ethics and leadership. Common European tools and standards are developed by FRONTEX in close collaboration with border agencies, educational and training institutions and other partner organizations in Member States and in Schengen agreement partner countries. These common standards aim to address the training needs of stakeholders at all levels and in all fields, from the harmonization of the educational trajectory of border guards to the development and delivery of specialized courses in all fields related to the border guard activity. The 'common stock' developed by Frontex is adopted by Member States and implemented at national level in line with the common training and ethical principles as reflected in the FRONTEX Formative Strategy. The development of this European Joint Master Program is based on Article 5 of the modified Frontex regulation, which stipulates the development of common European standards for the education and training of border guards and Stockholm Program which emphasizes the need to develop frameworks to encourage the involvement of law enforcement officials in different types of exchange or mobility programs to contribute to the development of a common culture and a shared approach to security at European borders, with the mandate of Frontex in the field of education and training of border guards. In addition, the Internal Security Strategy of the European Union encourages European bodies to adopt a strategic approach to vocational training in order to strengthen the national capacity of Member States, while strengthening the European dimension of training and European collaboration in the police sector, specifically in the field of border management. The present European Joint Master Program follows the strategic approach established by Frontex for the education and training of border guards and is part of FRONTEX's contribution to the European Training Plan for Law Enforcement.